PRESURGICAL TREATMENT PHASE
As the first step in treatment, gingival inflammation mustbe controlled and the’ patient’s cooperation ensured. In patients who are unwilling or unable to clean their teeth properly before the placement of orthodontic appliances,
oral hygiene procedures will be even less effective when complicated by orthodontic band placement.
don tic movement of teeth-or a surgical procedure such as an inferior border osteotomy or segmental osteotomies in interdental areas.