Management of Temporomandibular Disorders Medical Assignment Help

CHAPTER OUTLINE

EVALUATION
Interview
Examination
Radiographic Evaluation .
Transcranial Radloqraphs :
Panoramic Radiography
Tomograms
Temporomandibular Joint Arthrography
Computed Tomography
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Nuclear Imaging .
Psychologic Evaluation
CLASSIFICATION OF TEMPOROMANDIBULAR
DISORDERS
Myofascial Pain
Disk Displacement Disorders
Anterior Disk D’splacernent with Reduction
Anterior Disk Displacement without Reduction
Degenerative Joint Disease (Arthrosis, Osteoarthritis)
Systemic Arthritic Conditions
Chronic Recurrent Dislocation

Ankylosis
Intracapsular Ankylosis
Extracapsular Ankylosis
·Neoplasia
Infections
REVERSIBLE TREATMENT
Patient Education
Medication
Physical Therapy
Splints
Autorepositioning Splints
Anterior- Repositioning Splints
PERMANENT OCCLUSION MODIFICATION
.TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT SURGERY
Arthrocentesis
Arthroscopy
Disk-Repositioning Surgery
Disk Repai’ or Removal
Condylotomy for Treatment of Ternporornandibular
Joint Disorders
Total Joint Replacement

 

 

Patients frequently’ consul~ a dentist because .Of pain or dysfunction in the temporomandibular region. The most common causes of  emporemandibular disorders (TMDs) are muscular disorders,  hich are commonly referred to as myofascial pain and Mysflll1Ctioll. These muscular disorders are generally managed well with a variety of reversible nonsurgical treatment methods.  Other causes of temporomandibular pain or dysfunction originate primarily within the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). These causes include internal derangement  and osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic recurrentdislocation, ankylosis, neoplasia, and infection. Although some of these disorders will respond to nonsurgical therapy, some cases may eventually require surgical treatment. If a successful result is to be achieved, management of health care service.

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