When incisions are made through tissue, small arteries and veins are incised causing bleeding that may require more than simple pressure to control. When this is necessary an instrument called a hemostat is used (Fig. 6-12, A). Hemostats come in a variety of shapes, may be relatively small and delicate or larger, and are either straight or curved. The hemostat most commonly used in oral surgery is a curved hemostat (fig. 6-12, /3).

The hemostat has a relatively long delicate beak used to grasp tissue and a locking handle.The locking mechanism allows the surgeon to clamp the hemostat onto a vessel and then let go of the instrument which will remain clamped onto the tissue.

In addition to its use as an instrument for controlling bleeding the hemostat is especially useful in oral surgery to remove granulation tissue from tooth sockets and to pick up small root tips, pieces of calculus, fragments 0f amalgam restorations, and any other small particles that have dropped into the mouth or wound area.

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