High Cholesterol

High Cholesterol Assignment Help

Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like material. It cannot go through the blood by itself and does not dissolve in water. Lipoproteins are several other particles formed in the liver that carry cholesterol through the bloodstream. There are lots of leading types of lipoproteins which are significant to the health.

Cholesterol is a fatty substance discovered in the blood and produced by the body. People may also get cholesterol from some foods. It is used for a variety of matters in the entire body, however causes health problems when there is too much cholesterol in the blood.

Cholesterol is a form of fat (lipid) found in some foods and made by the body. It is vital for good health and it is seen in each cell within the body. Although, having a high degree of a specific kind of cholesterol in the blood can raise the risk of cardiovascular disease including stroke and heart disease.

A Heart Foundation Survey finished in 2010 found one in three Australians aged 30-65 years were told by a physician they have high cholesterol. High cholesterol comes from various sources including the family history and the eating habit of an individual. Here is a visual journey through the most frequent causes.

The body uses cholesterol and the bile acids which help to digest fat. It requires a little bit of cholesterol in the blood to satisfy these needs. Cholesterol deposits are a component of the plaques that cause blockage and narrowing of the arteries, creating signs and symptoms originating from the specific section of the human body which has decreased blood supply.

Carotid artery blockage can cause stroke and blockage of the coronary arteries results in angina (chest pain) and heart attack.

There are numerous coronary heart disease (CHD) occurs due to the fat and cholesterol being deposited in the walls of the arteries which provide oxygen and nutrients to the heart. The heart wants a steady supply of nutrients and oxygen. If that supply is reduces then it might cause angina (chest pain) when the heart muscle does not get enough oxygen.

Through the entire planet, blood cholesterol levels fluctuate extensively. Usually, people who live in states where blood cholesterol levels are lower such as Japan have lower rates of coronary disease. For instance, Finland has quite low rates of coronary heart disease. However some people with similar total cholesterol levels have different cardiovascular disease speeds indicating that other variables also affect risk for coronary heart disease.

High cholesterol levels are due to various factors including lifestyle, diet, and heredity. Less typically, blood cholesterol levels may be affected by underlying illnesses changing the liver, thyroid, or kidney.


Genes may affect the method by which the body metabolizes LDL (bad) cholesterol. Familial hypercholesterolemia is an inherited type of high cholesterol that can lead to early heart disease.


Extra weight may improve the LDL (bad) cholesterol level. Losing weight may lower LDL and increase HDL (good) cholesterol levels.

Physical activity/exercise:

Routine physical activity may lower triglycerides and increase HDL cholesterol levels.

Before menopause, women normally have overall cholesterol levels are lower than men of the same age. After the age of about 50 years, girls often have higher total cholesterol levels than men of the same age.

Alcohol use:

Average (1-2 drinks daily) alcohol consumption raises HDL (good) cholesterol although it does not reduce the rate of LDL (bad) cholesterol. Due to the dangers, alcoholic beverages must not serve as a means to stop cardiovascular disease.

High cholesterol (hypercholesterolemia) can be inherited; however it is frequently caused by unhealthy lifestyle and it is treatable and preventable. At times medicine, regular exercise and a nutritious diet can go a ways toward reducing high cholesterol.

Many variables can raise the likelihood of having a stroke or heart problems in case people have high cholesterol.

Cholesterol is a fatty material carried by proteins round the body. When proteins and cholesterol are joined then they are called as lipoproteins. There are two primary kinds of lipoproteins:

Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is also called the bad form of cholesterol.

High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is called the great form of cholesterol.

Too much bad cholesterol (LDL) in the blood can cause oily material to accumulate in the artery walls. The risk is high when people are in possession of a low level of good cholesterol along with a high degree of bad cholesterol.

In the event that people should get the cholesterol measured, then it will be in units called millimols per liter of blood. People need to plan or truly have a total cholesterol level under 4mmol/l particularly if they are in danger of circulatory disorder and heart.

It is considered borderline when it is between 200-239 mg/dL.

Plaque can grow on the walls of the arteries when the cholesterol is too high. This may allow it to be hard for brain and the heart to get all the blood they require.

People might have a heart attack and a stroke when the blood is deprive from the blood.

People who have an unhealthy diet that do not exercise, then they are more likely to have high cholesterol.

People are also prone to get high cholesterol if they drink heavily or smoke.

Kinds of cholesterol:

Primary kinds of blood cholesterol are:

High-density lipoprotein (HDL) can help in protecting the people against coronary heart disease.

In healthy individuals, it is common to get more of the ‘bad’ LDL cholesterol compared to ‘good’ HDL cholesterol, although people need to aim HDL cholesterol upwards and to maintain the LDL cholesterol down.

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