In dental school, clinicians are trained in ways to assess patient risk and manage medical emergencies. However, because (if the rarity of these problems, practitioners should seek continuing education in this area, not only torefresh their Knowledge but also to learn’ new concepts concerning medical evaluation and management of emergencies. An important feature of continuing educa-tion should be to maintain certification in Basic Life Support
(Hl.S) (Box 2-3). Many have recommended that continuing education in medica, emergency management be obtain on an annual basis with a lS’skills update and review obtained biannually Dentists who deliver par enteral sedatives other than nitrous oxide are wise to become certified in Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS), including the use of automated external defibrillator units, and to have the drugs and equipment necessary
for ACLS available.