Category Archives: Infection Control in Surgical Practice


Bacteria Upper respiratory tract flora. Normal oral flora contains the microorganisms usually present in the saliva and on the surfaces of oral tissues in healthy, immune competent individuals who have not been exposed to agents that alter the composition of oral organisms. A complete description of this flora can be found in Chapter 15. In brief, normal oral flora consists of aerobic, gram-positive cocci (pr


COMMUNICABLE PATHOGENIC ORGANISMS Two of the most important pieces of knowledge in any conflict are the identity of the enemy and the enemy’s strengths and weaknesses. In the case of oral surgery, the opposition includes virulent bacteria, mycobacteria, fungi, and viruses. The opposttion’s strengths are the various means that organisms use to prevent t their own destruction, and their weaknesses ar


CHAPTER OUTLINE COMMUNICABLE PATHOGENIC ORGANISMS Bacteria Upper Respiratory Tract Flora Maxillofacial Skin Flora Nonmaxillofadal Flora Viral Organisms ‘ Hepatitis Viruses Human Immunodeficiency Virus Mycobacterial Organisms ASEPTIC TECHNIQUES AND UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS Terminology Concepts Techniques of Instrument Sterilization Gaseous Sterilization Techniques of Instrument Disinfection Chemical Disinfectants